People around the country are experiencing some sticker shock at the pump, with today’s national average price for gasoline sitting at 32 cents higher than a month ago, and some states averaging at nearly $4 a gallon. With gasoline prices expected to increase in the coming months, AAA East Central is recommending strategies that drivers can use to conserve gas right now and reduce annual fuel use by up to 50 percent.
"Crude oil, refinery maintenance, and summer-blend gasoline are some of the factors behind higher gas prices, and gas is poised to increase even further during the summer travel season,” says Herman Jenkins, managing director of public and legislative affairs for AAA East Central. “Motorists can significantly reduce fuel consumption and save money by adjusting their driving style. Warming up an engine, speeding and ‘jack rabbit’ starts can needlessly use precious fuel.”
Driving style and vehicle operation recommendations include:
- Optimizing your daily driving. Maintain steady speeds. A car uses extra fuel accelerating. Cruise control may be a fuel saving option for motorists who drive a lot because a steady speed conserves fuel. This is helpful when driving on level roads. However, cruise control hurts mileage if you drive on hilly terrain.
- Minimizing last-minute braking. Be alert for slow-downs and red lights and coast up to them, if possible. Drive smoothly, avoiding “jackrabbit starts.” The faster you drive, the more fuel used. Remember, however, that traveling slower than traffic flow can cause a safety hazard.
- Don't haul extra weight in the passenger compartment or trunk. Reducing extra weight can save up to 2% fuel economy for every 100 lbs. removed depending on the weight of the vehicle.
- Using the air conditioner only when necessary. Air conditioning reduces fuel economy by about 5 percent or more in an older model vehicle. The rule of thumb on hot days is to open your windows when you are driving slowly (under about 45 mph) but close them and turn on the air conditioner at higher freeway speeds. Driving with the windows open can increase the aerodynamic drag, and this effect increases proportionately with speed.
More tips to save gasoline and money include:
- Read your owner’s manual for the recommended fuel for your vehicle. If it says “regular unleaded gasoline” is recommended, using anything else is a wallet-drainer, and if it says “premium required” you must use it for proper vehicle operation. However, when your manual says mid-grade or premium “recommended,” read carefully; sometimes it indicates you can use regular unleaded to save money, but you may experience reduced power and/or a small reduction in fuel economy.
- Look into gas rebate programs and other credit cards that provide a rebate every time you fill up. Some grocery stores also provide a gasoline discount program.
- For families that have more than one vehicle, select the most fuel-efficient vehicle that meets the task at hand. Don’t automatically jump into the SUV or truck when the sedan will do. Use the most energy-conserving vehicle you own as much as possible.
- Consolidate errands to cut down on driving and number of miles driven. Plan your route and look for a location where you can take care of all or most errands. Avoid excessive idling. Parking your vehicle and walking into the store or restaurant instead of using a drive through will save gas, and could improve your health. Choose a shopping center where you can park and walk to most of the stores you need.
- Properly maintaining your vehicle is critical in reducing gas use. Under-inflated tires can cut fuel economy by up to 2 percent per pound of pressure below the minimum recommended level. Worn spark plugs and dirty air filters also increase fuel consumption.